The Foreigner Identification Number (NIE) is a crucial element for all foreigners who wish to reside or work in Spain, whether they are EU citizens or not. This number allows them to identify themselves in legal transactions and administrative procedures in the country. The NIE is essential for foreigners who study, work or carry out transactions in Spain for a period of three months or more.
There are two main categories, the assignment of a NIE number at the request of the interested party also known as the “White” NIE or the European Union Citizen Registration (CUE), popularly known as the “green” NIE.
Assignment of a NIE number at the request of the interested party.
The assignment of a NIE number at the request of the interested party is given in folio format and shows the holder’s personal data, including name, surname(s) and the identification number provided by the authorities. This NIE serves mainly as an identification and allows to carry out legal transactions, but does not confer any permanent residence rights.
The “White” NIE is issued to both EU citizens and foreigners of other nationalities. In some cases, such as when EU citizens wish to start working in Spain, they will need this number in order to register with the social security before obtaining their EU Citizen Certificate.
European Union Registration Certificate
The Certificate of Registration as a European Union Citizen (CUE) is a definitive or permanent identification. If an individual already has a “White” NIE, this number remains valid when obtaining the EU Registration Certificate.
To apply for a CUE, certain requirements must be met, depending on the individual’s personal situation, such as being self-employed, employed, a student or demonstrating sufficient financial resources, as well as having private health insurance without co-payments where this is required.
The documents required will vary according to the situation and may include a passport, the EX-18 form, proof of payment of fees and, in some cases, documents supporting the applicant’s status.
In summary, both the assignment of a NIE number at the applicant’s request and the Certificate of Registration as a European Union Citizen are essential for foreigners wishing to settle in Spain. The former is a provisional identification, while the latter is a permanent registration certificate for EU citizens who meet specific requirements.